Home > Ritual Vessels > Ritual Vessels
   
Byeon, made of bamboo, holds dried acrificial foods such as dried meats, grains and fruits, and it represents 'Yang.' On the left side of a spiritual tablet, two Byeons are set in a vertical way and six of them are set in a horizontal way. In detail, the dried sacrificial foods such as ginkgo nuts, hazelnuts, chestnuts, dried jujubes, dried slices of codfish, salt, various kinds of rice cakes, dried slices of deer meat(currently beef is used), and walnuts are offered sequentially from the right.
While Byeon had a lid originally according to ¡ºAnnals of the Joseon ynasty¡»and ¡ºJongmyouigwe¡», the existing Byeon has no lid. It is hourglass-shaped with a high base.
 
Du, made of wood, holds wet sacrificial foods, and it represents 'Yin'. On the right side of a spiritual tablet, two Dus are set in a vertical way and six of them are set in a horizontal way. In detail, the wet sacrificial foods such as korean pan cake, round rice cake, boiled tripe of an ox's stomach, pickled yellow croaker, bamboo shoot, pickled hare meat, parsley, venison(currently pickled beef is used), leaves of radish, boiled beef in soy sauce, and scallions are offered sequentially from the right.
Du is painted in black and hourglass-shaped. It has a lid with a knob on its top. It is patterned with fret, flower and cloud which are engraved all over its face.
 
This Du has no patterns on its face. Instead, it has engraved lines surrounding upper and lower parts. In particular, it has an embossed belt which surrounds the slender part of its base.
 

 
Bo has a rectangle shape which implies the overall square shape of the earth, and represents ¡®Yin¡¯. It holds rice and millet, and it is set in the center of a ritual table. A lid and body have similar shapes to each other. In detail, a lid has upright decorations above with frets. A body also has animal head-shaped decorations on each side.
 
No lid. This Bo has two handles with each animal head on two sides and animal head decorations with horns on the other sides. It has frets on the upper body, wavelike patterns on the base and geometrically designed lotus-flowers on the legs.
 
Gwe has a round shape which implies the overall shape of heaven, and represents 'Yang'. Each of Gwe holds non-glutinous or glutinous millet, and it is set ahead of Bo. Having similar shapes to each other, a lid and body are used in a pair. On the lid, it has carved lines on the top surface, and four upright decorations with patterns. In the middle, it has overlapped heart patterns with embossed lines.
 
No lid. This Gwe has two handles on both sides and wavelike patterns encircling the upper body. ¡®ìóòãð㡯 the year of production, is located at the bottom of one leg.