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Studying the classification of the Jongmyo ritual vessels, one is led to realize that these vessels were made and used in a variety of shapes and ways in a magnificent and delicate state of harmony in accordance with the traditional theories of "ying and yang,' "the five elements" (metal, wood, water, fire, earth) and Heaven-Earth-Human.Ritual foods were offered to the ancestral spirits, with items belonging to

"yang" placed in the vessels of "yang" and those foods considered of "ying" delivered in the vessels of "ying."
Uncooked food items, dried foods and red food items were considered "yang" foods, and dead items, watery foods and white items belonged to "ying." Like nuclear division, there is no end to classifying "ying" and "yang" items, but these are a few more rules of how to classify: earth, the moon, west, north, death, gods, spirits, something white, water, left, and something watery are in the realm of "ying."
Things classified as "yang" are: heaven, the sun, east, south, something raw or alive, devils, soul, something red, fire, right and smething dried.
The ritual procedures were determined on the basis of these traditional philosophies, and therefore, when the ritual attendants, who are alive, face the spirit tablets of the deceased ancestors, his right is always east and left west.
The drawings of all royal rituals, including Jongmyo Jerye, Sajik Jerye, or ritual services at royal tombs, show that raw fruits like almond, date and chestnut, dried items like slices of dried meat or fish, and red food items are all placed on the right side of the ritual table, while white food items, fermented foods, pickled vegetables or any watery items are set on the left side of the table.
The procedural orders applied at the ancestral rituals of private citizens are considered in general originating in these royal services, and so the various versions in the nation's ritual formalities could be simplified if patterned after the royal services.
There are many folk sayings about the fruits set on the ritual table. For instance, a date is brilliantly red and generally believed that it symbolizes one's posterity. It also contains only one seed, and therefore, it is said to mean the king, and considered the top of "samsilgwa' or three major fruits, namely date, chestnut and persimmon.
Needless to bother to consult with the drawings of Jonmyo Jerye, the dates, therefore, were always displayed on the right side of the ritual table.
In provinces north of the Seoul area, perssimon did not grow due to cold weather, so pear replaced persimmon in the "samsilgwa." At any rate, the theories of "ying and yang" and "the five elements" played the most important role in deciding how and where the fruits as well as other ritual food items found their places on the ritual table.